The IAES was begun in the spring of 1994 by Dr. David Anthony and Dorcas Brown at Hartwick College
in Oneonta, N.Y. We are dedicated to conducting archaeological research
concerning the origins of horseback riding and its impact on human
Some high points have been:
* the discovery of bit wear on the teeth of horses dated to 3500 BC in
Kazakstan, which pushes the beginning of horse riding back by 1500
* the discovery that Bronze Age chariots buried in tombs in the steppe
grasslands of Russia were as old, and perhaps older than, the chariots
of the ancient urban civilizations of the Near East.
* an experimental program in which horses were ridden with bits made of
hemp and horsehair rope, bone and leather in order to recreate the
types of bit wear that may have been produced by the earliest riders.
* survey and excavation of Bronze Age burials, settlement and herding camps on the Samara River in Russia.
is located in the Anthropology Department at Hartwick College, and is
affiliated with the Institute for the History and Archaeology of the
Volga in Samara, Russia.
We are a
not-for-profit research organization supported by grants and
contributions from private individuals. Your tax deductible
contribution will advance important research and educational goals.
Oneonta, NY 13820